# utils object

Summary

The utils object contains some useful helper functions which are used by a number of API components of DynaML.

## String/File Processing¶

### Load File into a Stream¶

 1 val content = utils.textFileToStream("data.csv") 

### String Replace¶

Replace all occurrences of a string (or regular expression) in a target string

 1 val new_str = utils.replace(find = ",")(replace = "|")(input = "1,2,3,4") 

Download the content of a url to a specified location on disk.

 1 utils.downloadURL("www.google.com", "google_home_page.html") 

### Write to File¶

 1 2 val content: Stream[String] = _ utils.writeToFile("foo.csv")(content) 

## Numerics¶

### log1p¶

Calculates $log_{e}(1+x)$.

 1 val l = utils.log1pExp(0.02) 

### Haar DWT Matrix¶

Constructs the Haar discrete wavelet transform matrix for orders which are powers of two.

 1 val dwt_mat = utils.haarMatrix(math.pow(2, 3).toInt) 

### Hermite Polynomials¶

The Hermite polynomials are an important class of orthogonal polynomials used in numerical analysis. There are two definitions of the Hermite polynomials i.e. the probabilist and physicist definitions, which are equivalent up-to a scale factor. The the utils object, the probabilist polynomials are calculated.

 1 2 3 4 5 //Calculate the 3rd order Hermite polynomial val h3 = (x: Double) => utils.hermite(3, x) h3(2.5) 

### Chebyshev Polynomials¶

Chebyshev polynomials are another important class of orthogonal polynomials used in numerical analysis. There are two types, the first kind and second kind.

 1 2 3 4 5 //Calculate the Chebyshev polynomial of second kind order 3 val c23 = (x: Double) => utils.chebyshev(3, x, kind = 2) c23(2.5) 

### Quick Select¶

The quick select aims to find the $k^{th}$ smallest element of a list of numbers.

 1 val second = utils.quickselect(List(3,2,4,5,1,6), 2) 

### Median¶

 1 val second = utils.median(List(3,2,4,5,1,6)) 

### Sample Statistics¶

Calculate the mean and variance (or covariance), minimum, maximum of a list of DenseVector[Double] instances.

 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 val data: List[DenseVector[Double]] = _ val (mu, vard): (DenseVector[Double], DenseVector[Double]) = utils.getStats(data) val (mean, cov): (DenseVector[Double], DenseMatrix[Double]) = utils.getStatsMult(data) val (min, max) = utils.getMinMax(data)